Syria: devided by colonial powers


History of Syria:  divided by colonial powers...

After the World War, England, France & the Arabs kicked the Ottoman Empire into non existence & in 1922 the League of Nations decided to snip Syria in two –  the UK got one bit (Transjordan & Palestine) & France got the other (Syria of today & Lebanon). Just like that. In 1920 Kingdom of Syria was came into being & Faisal Hashemite became king for a few months. Things became messy then, with the French wanting a piece & the Syrians not wanting to give them any, until in 1925 when there was a full scale revolt. The French desperately tried to keep their ‘bit but then the Arabs got so pissed off that Syrians finally united, throwing religion out of the window for a while; for a very short while the Allawis, the Druze, the Sunnis, the Shiites and the Christians decided to fight for their country & kick the imposters out.

The French brutality included little tricks like punishing entire towns, executing en masse, transferring people as if they were cattle, demolishing homes & bringing in the heavy armour to control whole towns. Finally when the French started bombing innocent civilians and the town of Damascus, the exhausted Syrians gave up; in 1936 a treaty was negotiated with the French and the first president was elected: Hashim al-Atassi but the French reneged (who would have thought it), World War II started so it was only on the 1st of January 1944 that Syria was finally recognized as an independent republic. Syria declared war on Germany & Japan, forced the French to evacuate their troops and insisted that she was independent and would carry on from there thank-you-very-much. Little did Syrians know what instability would face them (Between 1946 and 1956, Syria had 20 different cabinets and drafted four separate constitutions) and it’s been a mess ever since; when the current president assumed power, he had good reason as the country was a shambles: there was no government and no government could last because the religious & ethnic disunity in the region had no end & nobody would give an inch.


Photo: The water wheels in Hama. They are part of a very ancient irrigation system. The main purpose for these was to move water through the aqueducts.

21:42 Gepost door Jan Boeykens | Permalink | Commentaren (0) |  Facebook |

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