05-09-12

U.S. accuses Syria for support to Iraq...

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UN-Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, calls for a military intervention in Syria.  

But it is a public secret that Ban Ki-moon, who has been posted twice to the Republic of Korea embassy in Washington, D.C. and served as Director-General for American Affairs in 1990–1992, is a very good personal friend of president Obama.

It is also known that the UN-Secretary-General, can not be called a genius on history.
It is therefore that he does not know that at the One Hundred Eighth Congress on January 7th, 2003, the U.S hold Syria 'accountable for the serious international security problems it has caused in the Middle East, and for other purposes'.  And on September 16th, 2003, the Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security, John Bolton, appeared before the Subcommittee on the Middle East and Central Asia of the Committee on International Relations of the House of Representatives, and underscored Syria's `hostile actions' toward coalition forces during Operation Iraqi Freedom. Bolton added that: `Syria allowed military equipment to flow into Iraq on the eve of and during the war'...

Ban Ki-moon has also a very selective short-term memory.
Some weeks ago, British Foreign Secretary William Hague said Britain would step up its support for the armed groups in Syria, providing them with an additional £5 million (US$7.8 million)'... At the same time, America's president Obama signed a secret order authorizing U.S. support for the groups seeking to depose Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and his government.  Obama’s order, approved earlier this year and known as an intelligence “finding,” broadly permits the 
CIA and other U.S. agencies to provide support that could help the armed gangs oust Assad.  The United States is also setting up joint military, intelligence and medical working teams with Israel, Turkey and Jordan...

http://www.bis.doc.gov/licensing/syriahr1828act.htm

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Timely and decisive response vital to uphold ‘responsibility to protect’ – UN officials

 

5 September 2012 – A timely and decisive response is vital in the face of genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity, top United Nations officials stressed today, highlighting the need to act when a State fails to protect its own people.

“This is the ultimate test of the responsibility to protect,” Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said in his remarks to an informal interactive dialogue of the General Assembly on the principle agreed at a summit of world leaders in 2005.

Sometimes known as ‘R2P,’ the principle of the responsibility to protect holds States responsible for shielding their own populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and related crimes against humanity and requires the international community to step in if this obligation is not met.

Presenting his latest report on the responsibility to protect, Mr. Ban noted that the concept arose out of the brutal legacy of the 20th century, including the Holocaust, the killing fields of Cambodia, the genocides in Rwanda and Srebrenica, and other large-scale tragedies that underlined the failure of individual States to live up to their protection responsibilities.

“The responsibility to protect is a concept whose time has come. For too many millions of victims, it should have come much earlier,” he said.

Today’s dialogue is the fourth held since 2009 and focuses on timely and decisive responses – the third pillar of the responsibility to protect.

“We all agree that sovereignty must not be a shield behind which States commit grave crimes against their people. But achieving prevention and protection can be difficult,” said Mr. Ban. “In recent years, we have shown how good offices, preventive diplomacy, mediation, commissions of inquiry and other peaceful means can help pull countries back from the brink of mass violence…

“However, when non-coercive measures fail or are considered inadequate, enforcement under Chapter VII will need to be considered by the appropriate intergovernmental bodies,” he added. “This includes carefully crafted sanctions and, in extreme circumstances, the use of force.”

Chapter VII of the UN Charter allows the Security Council to use force in the face of a threat to peace or aggression, taking “such action by air, sea, or land forces as may be necessary to maintain or restore international peace and security,” including blockades and other operations by the forces of Member States.

The Secretary-General pointed to the immense human cost of failing to protect the population of Syria, where more than 18,000 people, mostly civilians, have died since the uprising against President Bashar al-Assad began 18 months ago. He commended the General Assembly for its proactive response to the Syrian crisis. “It has shown that, while moments of unity in the Security Council have been few and far between, the rest of the world body need not be silent,” Mr. Ban said.

The UN chief added that the Council’s paralysis does the Syrian people harm, damages its own credibility and weakens a concept that was adopted with such hope and expectations.

“Let us by all means continue to talk through the responsibility to protect in all its aspects. Each year we achieve greater precision and common understanding,” he stated. “But let us recognize that we face an urgent test here and now. Words must become deeds. Promise must become practice.”

Addressing the gathering, the General Assembly’s President, Nassir Abdulaziz Al-Nasser, noted that, through implementation of the responsibility to protect, the role of the UN is not to supplant or replace the State in meeting its legal obligation to protect.

“The responsibility to protect is rather intended, as a modality for assisting a government that is unable to deliver on its protection obligations. The international community can only act, in the event that a State ‘manifestly fails’ to protect its citizens,” he said. “So the international response is intended to reinforce, not undermine, national sovereignty. This should help governments to ensure full protection to populations.”

Among the other participants in today’s day-long dialogue are the newly appointed Special Adviser of the Secretary-General on the Prevention of Genocide, Adama Dieng; Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson; and the Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights, Ivan Simonovic.

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